The person who commits such a journey is called tourist or traveler.
The emergence of mass tourism was facilitated by the development industry, and as a consequence, the distinction of free time, the emergence of paid leave. In addition, the revolutionary development of transport — the appearance of the steamship, the locomotive, the extension of the road network also played an important role.
The first upscale hotels appeared in Germany and Switzerland in the early nineteenth century, during the second half of the century are travel Agency who organized tours and sold them to the consumer.
In the first half of the XX century in Germany and the USSR were stimulated by large-scale recreation, sports tourism and military-applied sports.
After the economic downturn associated with the Second world war, began a new phase. With 50-60-ies of XX century began active development of tourist companies, mass construction of hotels and various entertainment venues. European tourism has been focused on the reception of American tourists, and since the 1970s, there has been growth and outbound tourism.
Since the 1980s, the growth of tourism have slowed down, and mass tourism was transformed into the differential. Tourism becomes a lifestyle, there is a growing trend to expand the range of services, emergence of new recreation facilities. Popular are private tours, ecological and sports tourism.
Because recreation resources are distributed very unevenly on the planet, an increasing number of people goes on a journey with recreational purposes and motives. These recreational travel (medical, recreational, educational, sports) became the basis of development of recreational tourism. Recreational aspects are always present and in the business types of tourism (business tourism, Congress tourism, shopping tourism).
Implementation of tourist business in market conditions can be carried out in the presence of four main components: capital, technology, human resources, recreational resources. This means that, having enough capital to acquire personnel, technology and activities Hiking. For this purpose it is necessary to choose a place where there are recreational resources, and if there is no such place, create one. This is one of the specific features of the tourist business in market conditions. Since the fourth component — recreational resources — is the cheapest, then it determines a high profitability of the tourist business. If tourism is associated with the creation of a tourist resource, the cost of the tourist product increases dramatically.
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Under recreational resources understand the totality of natural and man-made objects suitable for creating tourism product. Typically, recreational resources determine the formation of tourism in a particular region. These resources have the following main characteristics: attractiveness (attractiveness), climatic conditions, accessibility, extent of exploration, sightseeing importance, socio-demographic characteristics, potential reserves, method of use, etc., these resources are used in recreational, tourist, sporting and educational purposes.